Routes through Jerte Valley.
Jerte River is the central axis of this typical valley in a "V". Sandwiched between two large foothills of the Gredos Mountains: Tras la Sierra Mountains and Honduras Mount, on the one hand and San Bernabé and Tormantos Mountains on the other hand. Jerte Valley enjoys a mild microclimate. The different ecosystems, (from high mountain wetlands), refuge a rich variety of flora and fauna.
The region is ideal for walking and discovering nooks full of attractive, (pools in rivers and gorges, churches, architecture ...) all accompanied by quality gastronomy.
Jerte Valley celebrate holidays deeply rooted in popular as Jarramplas in Piornal, bonfires in Tornavacas, "El Taraballo" in Navaconcejo, the Burning of Judas in Cabezuela and newer, as the Cherry Blossom, which honors the ubiquitous cherry, festivals with Regional and National Interest.
The foundation of the city by Alfonso VIII occurred around 1186 in its policy of strengthening the line of the Tagus and the creation of a rearguard in advancing southward reconquest. At the same time restricting the expansion of the Kingdom of León in Trasierra. It also has the aim of converting to Castilla the territory, not only civil, but ecclesiastically to create the new Diocese of Plasencia.
In 1195, following the Battle of Alarcos, the Almohads cross Extremadura, reconquer major population centers, including Plasencia, both the South and North of the Tagus. A year later (1197) the city is again definitely taken by the Castilian monarch.
The military and restocking character will be perfectly evident in the wide town planning and a slightly restrictive Jurisdiction. The council opened the first moments and neighborhood participation in government bodies, perfectly structured by the Charter by "collacciones" and "sexmerías" will be broken by the emergence of oligarchic groups to be made with the power of the city . It happened thus structuring and regiments aristocratic citizens.
The historic center of Plasencia responds to a medieval Christian model in a radiocentric management. The main streets connecting the gates in the wall to the center, the Main Square, in a radial arrangement. The streets are arranged concentrically main streets joining together, forming circles around the center.
The city in its early days was structured around neighborhoods that used to be generally associated with a church or parish. Thus, from the thirteenth century, are mentioned St. Nicholas, St. Martin, St. Mary's (Cathedral), St. Salvador, St. Pedro and St. Vicente (after that, the Jesuit church place).
The historic city suburb for some time, was St. Juan, occupied by people whose activities are often obliged to live in the suburbs, for certain artisans, brothels or the mendicant orders, like the Franciscans.
1.- Main Square.
2.- St. Esteban Church.
3.- Encarnación Monastery.
4.- Las Claras Cultural Center.
5.- New Cathedral.
6.- Old Cathedral and Museum.
7.- Episcopal Palace.
8.- Sta María Cultural Complex.
9.- Deán House.
10.- Doctor´s House.
11.- Etnographic and Textile Museum.
12.- Trujillo Gate.
13.- The Two Towers House.
14.- Carvajal-Girón´s Palace.
15.- D Bernardino the Cardinal House.
16.- St. Nicholas Church.
17.- Mirabel Marquis Palace.
18.- Hunting Museum.
19.- St. Vicente Ferrer Convent
20.- Parador de Turismo.
21.- Magdalena Church.
22.- St. Martín Church.
23.- House of Toledo-Cadena Family.
24.- Capuchinas Convent.
25.- House of Almaraz Family.
26.- House of the Infantas.
27.- St. Ildefonso Convent.
28.- Barefoot Carmelitas Convent.
29.- Salvador Church.
30.- House of the Shackles.
31.- House of Quijada-Almaraz House.
32.- St. Ana Auditorium.
33.- Jesus Company College.
34.- Lucía Tower Square.
35.- Lucía Tower.
36.- St. Pedro Church.
37.- Town Hall.
38.- Public Jail.
927 70 25 01 / 637 56 73 79 / 686 01 07 75
Foto de Cabecera: Flowering Cherries, Navaconcejo
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